The best indicators are Airloc Brand. On lakes where the fish are deep, you need "release indicators". These slide down the line when the fish is hooked so the indicator does not act as a stop at the tip of the rod when the line is pulled in to land the fish.

In fast moving water, set the indicator 1 1/2 X the depth of the water. In slow moving water or lakes, "hang" the fly 1 ft above the depth of the fish.

The following shows various ways to tie on flies below an indicator.

Basic Knots for Fly Fishing

A. Reel Knot

     1. Arbor Knot

     Used to tie Backing to Arbor of Fly Reel 

B.  Line Knots
    1. Nail Knot
        a. Backing to Fly Line

        b. Leader to Fly Line
     2. Loop to Loop
         a. Leader to Fly Line
Used when both the Leader and  Fly  
             Line have loops

     3. Double Surgeon’s Knot
          a. Tippet to Leader
          b. Tippet to Tippet
 C.  Fly Knots

      1. Fly to Tippet
           a. Clinch Knot
           b. Improved Clinch Knot
           c. Grip Knot, Using Knot Tying Tool

       2. Fly to Fly

           a. Dropper to Upper Fly Shank
               (1) Clinch Knot
               (2) Improved Clinch Knot on Finger
               (3) Grip Knot, Using Knot Tying Tool
               (4) Pre-Tied Grip Knot

            b. Dropper to Upper Fly Eye
               (1) Tie Upper Fly to Tippet with 

                     a fly knot

               (2) Tie a 2nd Piece of Tippet

                     through the same Upper Fly Eye

                     with a fly knot
               (3) Tie Dropper to End of 2nd 

                     Tippet with a Fly Knot

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